Leavenworth, Town of, Washington

The transformation of Leavenworth from a functional logging and railroad town into a Bavarian style village took place in the 1960's, and its success in attracting tourists has stimulated the creation of other "theme villages" in the Northwest. The Bavarian architectural style, which was deemed more appropriate to the mountain location than other themes being considered ("Gay 90's," "Western"), was followed through on every commercial building in town, including the McDonalds, and many were designed under the supervision of East German architect Karl Heinz Ulbricht. Zoning laws require that all new construction "resembles Bavarian architecture," and local civic organizations promote the conversion of social life to reflect Bavarian styles, including the wearing of Bavarian clothes, eating Bavarian food, and holding Bavarian festivals.